Who wouldn’t want fresh, free, organic,
delicious fruits and vegetables growing in their garden? Hello Friends! In today’s
episode, we will list out the 10 secrets of growing vegetables and fruits in containers
in a small space gardening like your balcony or terrace. Lastly! one very special bonus
tip for you. Coming up! Growing Vegetables and fruit trees in containers
is an excellent option for folks living in urban areas. Urban Gardening especially Organic
gardening is on the rise. This is mainly due to awareness in people about the hazards of
chemical pesticides and fertilizers. So all of us want to consume fresh and organic vegetables
and fruits. Here are 10 secrets and easy steps to accomplish this task and grow your own
fruits and vegetables in containers or small spaces in your homes.
10. Choose the Right Location for Proper Sunlight: Most of the vegetables and fruits need a full
day of direct sunlight for flowering and fruiting. Choose a location on your terrace or balcony
that receives at least 6 to 8 hours of direct sunlight.
9. Choose the Right Containers: Choose the largest possible containers for growing fruits
trees. Yes you can grow fruit trees in containers atleast 18 inch in depth and width. If you
are growing on terrace or balcony, you can choose fabric bags of atleast 18 inches for
fruit trees and 12 to 15 inches for growing vegetables like egg plant, tomatoes and others.
These Fabric bags use the principle of AIR PRUNING which helps grow larger plants in
smaller containers. You can watch my detailed episode explaining Air pruning, techniques
and benefits from a link in description or from a link at right top corner of this screen.
8. Plan before you Plant: For vegetables sowing the right seeds in the right season is most
important for a perfect harvest. So just google a reliable website which shows which seeds
to sow in which season. And This depends on the zone you live in.
For growing fruit trees, You have to bring in a live plant from a nursery. Remember to
choose dwarf or semi-dwarf variety of any fruit tree you choose to grow. The most easiest
to grow trees are lemon, orange, chickoo, guava, custard apples, pomegranate and so
on. Please continue watching till the end and remember your special bonus tip in the
end. 7. Check Drainage holes of containers. Try
to have multiple drainage holes if possible. If they are blocked, this can result in root
rot. Try to keep a small piece of net or a cloth at the bottom, so that the dirt doesn’t
get out of the holes and spoil your balcony or terrace.
6. POTTING SOIL: This is one of the most important factor that determines the growth and yield
of the plant. Make sure you use atleast 50 percent garden soil for planting fruit trees.
This is important for anchorage, else the plant may fall off due to strong wind or stuff
like that. Apart from adding about 30 percent compost like decomposed cow-dung or horse-dung,
vermicompost or even leaf compost, you must include the most important stuff for inducing
heavy flowering – That’s the bone meal powder and for vegans the substitute of bone
meal is the soya bean meal. Make sure you add one or two handfuls of steamed bone meal
powder in your potting mix. Please check out a detailed video on the formula to make the
best potting soil using various ingredients from a link in description.
5. POLLINATORS: Flowers will not be converted to fruits unless there is pollination and
fertilization. Encourage beneficial insects and pollinators like honey bees and butterflies
in your garden. And another important point is try to avoid spraying pesticides or sprinkling
pest control powders on the flowers. This may harm these insects.
4. FERTILIZERS: As a part of Organic gardening, we always recommend natural fertilizers. If
you have taken the time and efforts to prepare the best potting mix, 80 percent of the job
is done. You only have to add a handful of compost like cowdung or vermicompost once
in 15 days into each container preferably after raking or tilling the top soil. You
don’t need to add anything else until you harvest.
3. PEST CONTROL: This can be easily controlled by spraying neem oil and a liquid soap mix.
About 5 ml neem oil per litre of water when the plants are still young and small of less
than a feet. And about 10ml neem oil per liter of water along with 10 drops of liquid soap
for larger plants and the frequency of application can be once in 10 to 15 days, even if there
are no pests. If you see lot of slugs and snails or caterpillars eating your leaves,
you can sprinkle Diatomaceous earth powder once in 15 days. This DE powder is again 100%
organic. 2. Plant Support: For vegetables like tomatoes,
they require good support system to stand. If you can afford some garden trellis, its
fine else you can just use some sticks to support these plants. For climbers you can
use net support or even tie them to some ropes and wires for support.
1. Watering: This is another most important factor. Remember! you keep these containers
in full direct sunlight and hence daily watering is the general rule for most vegetables and
fruits specially in summer season. But the best way is to use the finger dip method to
check whether the soil is dry before watering. Or if you see the leaves starting to wilt,
then immediately water. Water them thoroughly until there is water coming out of the drainage
holes. Two Additional Steps are optionally required – like repotting them in a little
larger container if they become root bound like once in 2 years. And also Pruning or
trimming the branches after the fruiting season is over.
Now, the Bonus Tip: Have you heard of THINNING SEEDLINGS? Well, when you randomly sow seeds
without spacing, you may get overcrowded seedlings and a heavy competition for nutrients and
the Survival of fittest theory of Charles Darwin applies here. At this stage if you
do not take action all seedlings may become weak competing with one another for nutrients.
So, Thinning of seedlings has to be done, meaning you have to pull out some of the closest
ones and even discard some weak looking ones for proper growth of the other seedlings.
So, there you have it folks! Please give me a thumbs up if you found this video helpful.
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